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Court Hears Estate Case Regarding Foreclosure Action


A New York Probate Lawyer said that this is an action transferred to this court from Supreme Court, Nassau County, defendant Countrywide Home Loans, Inc. (Countrywide), one of several defendants, moves the court for an order dismissing the complaint as against Countrywide. Plaintiffs oppose Countrywide’s motion and cross-move for summary judgment dismissing Countrywide’s answer, or, in the alternative, striking Countrywide’s fourth and seventh affirmative defenses.

A New York Will Lawyer said that, this action emanates from a foreclosure proceeding involving property located at 198-200 Wellesley Street, Hempstead, New York. That property was owned by the decedent who died intestate on July 13, 1986. Her brother, administered her estate as voluntary administrator pursuant to SCPA Article 13. It appears, although it is not entirely clear, that her brother was the decedent’s sole distributee and that the subject property vested in him immediately upon his sister’s death. The brother then died testate on June 9, 1994. An administrator was appointed the voluntary administrator of his estate. The court’s file contains his original will which devises and bequeaths all of his property to his cousin. He died August 1, 2000. There was no deed executed from the estate of the decedents, nor was there a deed from the estate of the brother. Although the brother original will was filed in the court by Calhoun incident to the voluntary administration of the estate of the decedent, the will was never offered for, or admitted to, probate. The plaintiffs are the non-marital children of the decedent, the administrators of his estate, and claim to be his only distributees.

A Long Island Probate Lawyer said that, the underlying action by plaintiffs is to vacate the tax lien foreclosure sale, the deed by which the current owners of record, defendants, obtained title, and the mortgage placed on the property by the defendant Countrywide incident to the purchase of the property by defendants. Plaintiffs contend that as the fee owners of the subject property at the time the foreclosure action was commenced, they were entitled to notice of the proceeding and the failure to provide that notice requires the vacating of the judgment in the foreclosure action and all subsequent deeds and mortgages.

A Brooklyn Probate Lawyers said that, defendant Countrywide now moves to dismiss the complaint as against Countrywide on two grounds. First, Countrywide contends that it has not been established that plaintiffs are the distributees of the decedent and thus have no standing to bring the Supreme Court action; the court disagrees. Plaintiffs were appointed the administrators of the estate by decree of this court and letters of administration issued to them on November 13, 2002. “Letters granted by the court are conclusive evidence of the authority of the persons to whom they are granted until the decree granting them is reversed or modified upon appeal or the letters are suspended, modified or revoked by the court granting them”. The plaintiffs thus clearly have standing to commence and maintain the action in their capacities as the administrators of the estate.

The issue in this case is whether the compliant should be dismissed.

Countrywide also contends that plaintiffs have made claim to the surplus monies from the tax lien foreclosure sale and that they have therefore “ratified” the tax foreclosure sale they are seeking to vacate. Countrywide cites one 1932 case for that proposition which is clearly distinguishable on the facts because, unlike the case now before this court, in Flatbush the claimant had consented to the distribution of some of the surplus monies to other persons claiming an interest in the surplus fund. Countrywide’s motion is therefore denied.

With regard to the plaintiffs’ cross-motion for summary judgment dismissing Countrywide’s answer, the proponent of a summary judgment motion must make a prima facie showing of entitlement to judgment as a matter of law, tendering sufficient evidence to demonstrate the absence of any material issues of fact. Failure to make such prima facie showing requires a denial of the motion, regardless of the sufficiency of the opposing papers.

Here, plaintiffs have failed to establish that they are entitled to judgment, let alone judgment as a matter of law. Even assuming that either the plaintiffs, individually, or the estate of the decedent were, at the time of the foreclosure action, the fee owners of the property, the issue is whether the notice given to the administrator of the estate of the decedent was “reasonably calculated, under all of the circumstances, to apprise interested parties of the pendency of the action and afford them an opportunity to present their objections”. Nassau County Administrative Code § 5-51.0 requires that notice be sent to, among others, “the occupant, owner in fee and the heirs, legal representatives and assigns of any of either of them appearing of record on the premises affected by such sale. The words appearing on record’ shall be construed to refer to any person on whom a notice is hereby required to be served, the nature and degree of whose interest appears from the records kept by the County Clerk, County Treasurer, Surrogate of the County and receiver of taxes for the town or city in which the property is located.”

At the time the foreclosure action was commenced, the records of the County Clerk indicated that the last deed of record affecting the property named Rose Rainey as the owner and there is no dispute that the Public Administrator of Nassau County, as the administrator of the estate of Rose Rainey, was properly served with notice of the foreclosure action. The records of this court are less clear regarding who the owner of the property was and whether the notice sent by the decedent was adequate. As indicated above, died intestate. Her brother, was appointed voluntary administrator of her estate. He identified himself in the affidavit submitted in connection with his appointment as voluntary administrator as the sole distributee of decedent. Also as indicated above, the court’s file contains the original will which bequeaths and devises all his property to his cousin. Although the will has not been admitted to probate, it appears to have been drafted by an attorney, witnessed by two people, and contains an attestation clause, which may be sufficient to constitute a valid devise even absent the will’s admission to probate.

Nevertheless, neither of the plaintiffs had petitioned for appointment as administrator of the estate until June 2002, two months after the commencement of the foreclosure action and nearly two years after the decedent’s death. Also, it does not appear that either of the plaintiffs notified the County Treasurer of their claim of ownership or directed that the Treasurer send future tax bills to them. Thus, it is entirely unclear whether the Treasurer had any knowledge of the plaintiffs’ claims, their identities, or their whereabouts. “Where the names and addresses of interested parties are known, due process requires notice reasonably calculated, under all the circumstances, to apprise that party of the foreclosure action, so that the party may have an opportunity to appear and be heard. The key word is reasonably,’ which balances the interests of the State against the rights of the parties”.

The plaintiffs have also cross-moved to dismiss Countrywide’s fourth affirmative defense to the extent that the plaintiffs’ claim to the surplus monies be deemed a ratification of the foreclosure sale. As indicated above, the court concludes that their claim to the surplus monies does not constitute a ratification of the tax lien foreclosure sale and the cross-motion is therefore granted to that extent.

The plaintiffs have also cross-moved to dismiss Countrywide’s seventh affirmative defense that the plaintiffs do not have standing to prosecute this action. The court has already concluded that plaintiffs have standing, at least in their capacity as administrators of the estate of the decedent to prosecute the action. To that extent, the motion is granted. It is denied with respect to whether plaintiffs have standing to prosecute the action in their individual capacities.

If you have issues regarding the administration of the estate, seek the Nassau Estate Litigation Attorney and Nassau Probate Attorney at Stephen Bilkis and Associates.

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